Corneal Ulcers

The surface of the cornea is very sensitive; a corneal ulcer is like erosion. As we know, that cornea is the transparent area at the front part of the eye in which like a window through which we see. It also refracts light and gives safety to other parts of the eye. If the cornea becomes inflamed because of disease or damage, an ulcer may create. A corneal ulcer is a severe condition; to avoid enduring vision problems should take instant treatment for this. Even though good medicines are available for treatment, corneal ulcers can cause serious loss of vision and even blindness.

Causes

Corneal ulcers are most generally caused by germs. Even though human eye is very much protected by the eyelid and abundant tears, germs and bacteria may be able to enter the cornea through tiny abrasions areas if it is damaged. Usually, who wear contact lenses cause of corneal ulcers is common in people. Especially if they wear then after evening. Usually, the more profound the corneal ulcer, the more severe the condition becomes. A profound ulcer can cause scarring on the cornea, blocking light from entering the eye.

Corneal Ulcer Treatment

Common

Symptoms

Symptoms of a corneal ulcer are normally obvious, especially if the ulcer is deep. As we know the cornea is very sensitive, corneal ulcers produce serious pain. Vision may sometimes be impaired, and the eye may be red and tearing. It may also problem to look at bright lights. If you are suffering from following symptoms, you should be checked by an eye doctor right away.

Diagnosis

Early diagnosis is important in treating corneal ulcers. Your surgeon will ask questions to determine the reason for the ulcer. Your eyes should be analyzed under a bio-microscope, called a slit lamp. An exceptional color might be set in your eye to help in the finding. If it isn't clear what the exact reason is, your doctor may culture the ulcer so as to appropriately treat it. After numbering your eye with specific eye drops, cells might be tenderly scratched from the corneal surface so they can be tested.

Treatment

Treatment for corneal ulcers should be forceful, as a few ulcers lead to vision loss and blindness. Treatment typically includes anti-toxins and also antiviral or antifungal drugs. Steroid eye drops may also be given to reduce inflammation. Some surgeon endorses topical eye drops to be embedded a few times each day until the ulcer is totally recuperated. In serious cases, patients are hospitalized so that the right treatment is given. If contaminations are obstinate or leave a scar, a corneal transplant might be expected to reestablish vision. Unless treatment is given, blindness or even complete loss of the eye can happen. Certain supplements, for example, vitamin C, might be recommended to reduce corneal scarring. Unless an ulcer recuperating usually with typical treatment, sometimes an amniotic layer will be put on the cornea for 7-10 days.

Symptoms

  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Tearing
  • Discharge
  • White spot on the cornea
  • Blurry Vision
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Light Sensitivity

Causes include:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Injury
  • Severe allergic disease
  • Fungi
  • Amoebas
  • Inadequate eyelid closure